- What tools are needed?
- How to get started?
- The next step is a hole for the mechanism.
- Last installation steps
- Layout plane to perform work
- Competent selection of crowns for the drill - the key to quality work
- How to cut a hole in the end?
- Installing a lock in the hole
- Marking door leaf for tie-in
- Drilling holes for the handle
- Drill a hole for the latch
- Installing the latch for interior doors
- Installation pens
- Useful notes
- Video How to make a lock on the door
- Lock selection
- Required Tools
- Sidebar features
- Lock installation
- Installing the latch
Entrance door - a reliable barrier to intruders in the house. An important point is the choice of the lock for a similar design, which allows you to enhance protection. There are locks different kinds and crack resistance classes. It is necessary to approach the process of selecting and installing locking products. Installation does not cause difficulties, but follow the instructions.
Sidebar suitable lock in the door of wood
Attention! Country houses often have wooden doors. The question arises how to embed. The process itself is typical, so it is important to follow the instructions, selecting the appropriate tools for this. The lock itself must approach the door in order to achieve positive results and durability of operation.
What tools are needed?
The first thing you need is to choose the lock itself and the required tools for installation. Among the most necessary are the following:
- Chalk and simple pencil that will be required to perform the markup.
- Electric drill. To her - a set of drills for woodworking. Their sizes are from 2 to 7 mm.
- Chisels. They must be sharp. Enough two pieces - wide and narrow.
- Roulette and square to her.
- Rasp with a large notch or a round file.
- Screwdriver. If not, use an ordinary screwdriver.
After the tools are prepared, proceed to work. Installation is considered more difficult than installation of the consignment note. In the latter case, there is no need to cut a suitable-sized hole, so the installation of a lock or latch on the door itself is simple. In any case, it is important to know how to properly perform and what to consider.
with wooden door handle
The inset lock of any type in a wooden door may be needed for various reasons. The most frequent is the construction of a house and the installation of doors, mechanisms, handles and latches. However, replacing a lock in a wooden door is also common. The reasons are long-term operation, breakdown, problems with operation or hacking. In any of these cases, it becomes necessary to install a mortise lock on the wooden door.
How to get started?
The first stage of installation is the creation of a special groove or hole for the lock body. To do this, you need to perform markup to determine at what height to mount the product. Most often, the height reaches 90-100 cm from the floor. But this size varies with ease of use. Height is selected for people who will use the lock or latch and handle.
Creating a groove under the bar using a chisel
Once you have determined the height, markup is performed. For this, the lock is applied to the door with the part that will be mounted in the hole in the canvas. With the help of chalk or pencil encircle the body of the product. The result is a label that allows you to understand where the locking mechanism will be located.
The hole is cut with a pen drill. It should give preference to the product, which corresponds in its width to the thickness of the lock. The hole is drilled differently. The first method involves careful and gradual advancement of the drill into the door leaf by 1-2 centimeters to achieve the desired mark. The second method involves immediately drilling a hole.
The hole itself must be larger than the width of the lock body by 1-2 mm. This will ensure unobstructed entry of the lock into the hole created. It is recommended to keep the drill perpendicular to the end of the door and parallel to the surface. Align the edges of the hole with a hammer and chisel.
The marking of the lock on the end of the door leaf
Important! To hide the lock in the hole, make it deeper by 2-3 mm than the width of the case.
Layout plank and its installation is carried out in the same way. To do this, it is applied to the resulting hole and with a pencil stroke around the contour. Knocking on the planned lines is best done with a chisel, so as not to spoil the edges of the hole under the lock.
The next step is a hole for the mechanism.
To install in a wooden door, you should take care of the hole for the mechanism of the product. Only after that you can put a lock or latch on the door, proceed to the installation of the handle. The installation of the mechanism itself or the larvae implies accurate marking. For this, the lock body is applied opposite the previously received slot. Fastening elements are marked on the door leaf with a pencil. After this, the holes are drilled using a drill that fits in diameter.
Fastening the latch on a wooden door
The result is grooves, the edges of which should be carefully leveled. It is best to use a file for these purposes, which will help to quickly deal with the problem. If you additionally plan to install a latch or a knob, it is important to know how to properly insert the lock in this case. Installation is reduced to the drilling of additional holes for the rods and screws, acting as fasteners for the latch or handle.
We can assume that the preparation for the insertion of the lock is completed. Insert the lock into the prepared grooves and fasten with the appropriate fasteners. All elements are fastened with screws and bolts, there is no need to use additional elements.
Last installation steps
The final stage of work is the creation of a hole in the door frame for the normal functioning of the lock, latch or door handle. If you omit this moment, the door will not close properly and fit snugly. This should be done only after you have verified that the lock functions normally, that there are no problems or seizures.
To mark the hole, a small amount of chalk is applied to the tongue or girders of the mechanism. After that, the door is closed, turning the mechanism. As a result, on the joint there is a chalk trace. Here it is necessary to create holes for the bolts of the mechanism or the tongue of the handle.
The principle of cutting holes is similar to cutting a hole for the lock itself or latches. There are no differences here. You can use a drill or a hammer with a chisel, acting carefully so as not to remove excess material. If the marking is done correctly, as a result you will get holes in which the lock bolts fit without problems. Now fix the striker plate in accordance with the markup. As fasteners used special screws. On this installation of the lock is considered complete, and the door is ready for operation.
The final stage of installation work on the installation of the lock in a wooden door
Now you know how to insert a lock and handle to it. In general, the installation of the mechanism is not complicated and is available for independent execution. Experts recommend that before installing the lock, latch, handle and other mechanisms, carefully read the instructions. This will allow you to understand how to install the lock and the latch handle correctly, how to avoid problems and ensure long-term operation. If you have problems, you should contact the professionals who will quickly correct the situation, providing your home with reliable protection from intruders.
A man should be able to do any housework: nail a shelf, repair a crane or hit a lock on the door. All this work requires not only skilled hands, but also knowledge. Next will be given instructions on how to hit the lock on the door correctly. This process is not so difficult, but it requires a certain level of training, which should have any master of the house.
Set of necessary elements for lock insert
In order to embed the locking element in the door from the first time correctly, without damaging the material and without deforming the surface, you need to have on hand required set tools. Do not do without a drill or screwdriver, which should have the function of performing drilling. This is necessary in order to make a hole in the door. To cut a hole of the correct shape and size, you need a set of round crowns, nozzles.
They are well suited for drilling wood. You also need to have on hand a hammer and a chisel, with which the hole is easy to grind and put a device in it to close the door. In order to make the necessary measurements, you need a tape measure, ruler or centimeter. To mark the necessary points on the very surface of the door, you can use a simple pencil. To lock the lock can not do without a screwdriver. That's all the basic tools that are required to perform a lock insert with your own hands.
Before embedding the mechanism for closing, it is necessary to determine its location on the surface of the door. To choose the most comfortable position of the lock and handle, you should simply try to open an imaginary door, being in front of the surface of the door without a lock. At what level the hand will be, there it is necessary to make a hole there, so that opening and closing was easy and comfortable. In the event that there is a child in the family, it is necessary to install the lock a little lower, so that the child does not experience discomfort during manipulations with the handle of the lock. The place that was determined by practical consideration should be marked with a pencil directly on the surface of the door. The preparatory work is over!
Layout plane to perform work
The next step in the process of tapping the closing device is to make a hole in the door material. Before drilling, you need to accurately determine the place where the drill with the bit should be located. To do this correctly, you need to take the mechanism for closing and determine the distance from its visible edge to the hole for the pin with the help of a tape measure, which organizes all the work of this device.
It is this distance from the edge of the door that should be noted at a height that was previously determined. After the place for drilling is defined, it is necessary to choose correctly a crown for a drill.
Competent selection of crowns for the drill - the key to quality work
The main difficulty in choosing a drill bit is the correct selection of its diameter. It must be wide enough for the closing mechanism to pass through, and narrow enough so that the opening is not noticeable due to the outside of the latch. To do this, measure the height of the visible part of the latch and take a few centimeters from this distance. With this hole diameter, the mechanism should go inside the door, but the hole will not be visible under the cover of the lock case.
For those who are afraid of making mistakes in the calculations, there are special crowns that are made to make holes for the door locks. Usually these crowns are sold in a set of 2 tools different diameter. After the necessary measurements of the hole diameter are made, you can start drilling. In the process of drilling there is one trick that allows you to produce work with high quality. To do this, you need to drill not from one side, but from both. First we drill one side to the middle, then the other. So the hole will be as smooth and smooth as possible.
How to cut a hole in the end?
After the hole in the plane has been cut, the same should be done at the end of the door. The mechanism itself will be inserted into this space to close the door, so you need to carefully and carefully make a hole. The drill bit should be directed in such a way that it is exactly in the middle of the door end. The size of the crown should be selected according to the principle similar to the process of selecting the diameter of the hole on the surface. In order for the lock inset to be considered complete, you need to make another small stroke. It is required to make a small indentation so that the latch can be completely hidden in the end. If this is not done, it can cling to the door jamb, which will create problems with opening the door.
Then you need to insert the closing mechanism into the hole and circle the entire visible part with a simple pencil. After that, the latch can be pulled out. Now you need to scrap the void inside the door with a chisel. The recess, which should be the result of this work, should be sufficient to accurately fit the outer plate. It is necessary to do this work as carefully as possible, since too much empty space can ruin the door, and the mechanism will stagger. Therefore, it is desirable to have experience with a chisel.
Installing a lock in the hole
When all the holes and grooves are ready, you can proceed to the final part - the installation of the lock. It is very important not to be mistaken for. At first it may seem that there is no difference between the sides of the locking device. However, if it is equipped with a stopper, then this difference is. Handles of the lock most often really rotate in both directions, but the stopper works only in one. Therefore, it is necessary that it be directed towards the end. The stopper can be controlled using a key or a separate latch.
Hole for the lock tongue in the door jamb
The main thing - do not forget that the hole for the latch tongue should be on the door jamb. To make it right, you need to start measuring after the lock was inserted, and the door itself is hung on the hinges. This hole should be located where the tongue rests against the door jamb. The depth of the hole should not be less than the locking tongue. To make a recess in the door jamb is most convenient with a chisel.
Every man should know how to insert the lock into the door on their own.
Of course, many would trust this business to a professional, but it is always more pleasant to do the hard work yourself. Then the result will bring real pleasure, and the person will receive invaluable experience.
You bought, say, a new interior door and decided to assemble the door frame on their own and install this door without any experience. Well, it happens that some things have to do for the first time. The most important thing here is not to rush and be attentive to what you are doing.
When for the first time I had to install interior doors in one of the apartments, I must confess, when cutting the first box, I made a mistake. As a result, I had to buy a new set of boxes. Here ever since, I, doing the work on the assembly and installation of doors is very attentive and careful.
When sawing the elements of the door frame there is no room for error, this should be remembered. As they say, measure seven times - cut once!
So, the door was brought in and stands in the corridor, perhaps the second week already. There is no place to put it off anymore and it's time to get to work. There is a reasonable question. Where to start?
Marking door leaf for tie-in
It should start with the marking on the door leaf of the place where the handle with the latch will be embedded . Door leaf - this, in fact, the door itself without additional elements, boxes, dobor and trim.
First, decide in which direction the door will open, the position of the bevel of the latch tongue will depend on it. Now it is necessary to determine the height at which the doorknob will be located. As a rule, the handle is incised at a height of 90-100 cm from the floor or threshold. In the rooms, of course, there are no thresholds. But in the bathroom or toilet, they are very possible.
In the box with the door handle , you will almost certainly find instructions with dimensions for which you need to make a markup. Often sizes are indicated on the box itself. Ordinary knobs are almost always installed on the same pattern. In the shops of building tools special kits are sold for embedding handles in the interior doors. The set consists of a perforated drill with a diameter of 23 mm. and crowns on wood, with a diameter of 50-54 mm.
So, mark a distance of 95 cm at the end of the door leaf. Using a square, draw a clear line perpendicular to the end of the leaf. Mark the middle of it and nack. You can screw with any sharp object, awl, nail or screw. Drill a hole for the latch in this place. But take your time, it's not time yet!
You must continue the markup for the pen , or speaking professionally, for the knob . To do this, you must continue the line on the end further on the canvas itself on both sides. This should be done strictly perpendicular to the door leaf, using a square. It will be useful to remind you that the pencil should be sharply sharpened.
Here you should pay attention to one detail. The handle can be positioned at a distance of 60 or 70 mm. from the edge. An adjustable latch length design allows this. Decide which distance suits you best and mark the one you want on both sides of the canvas on the lines you have previously drawn.
There is no need for a pattern. After all, the canvas is absolutely flat and smooth. But there is a limit to the location of the handle. The distance of 70 mm. It doesn’t overlap the decorative elements. Otherwise, mark 60 mm. from the edge.
Drilling holes for the handle
The first hole is drilled for the handle , then for the latch . It is more comfortable. First, when you begin to drill the end, you will know exactly when to stop, and secondly, all the chips when drilling the end face just fall down and you will not need to sweep or blow it out with a vacuum cleaner, which is very inconvenient.
So, take a drill, fasten a crown on the wood (50-54 mm.) Into the chuck and start drilling from one of the sides, having previously threaded the marked point. Do not try to drill all the canvas "in one breath." Firstly, you do not have enough depth of the crown itself, and secondly, the crown's teeth will be clogged with sawdust, the crown will warm up strongly and burn the tree, and the deeper, the stronger. Only we did not have enough fire!
Having drilled 4-6 mm., Without turning off the drill, pull it towards you, removing the crown from the drilled hole. There is no need to include a reverse and generally make sudden movements. Everything should happen smoothly, but confidently.
Clean crown teeth from sawdust. Be careful, it can be very hot! It all depends on the material of the door leaf and its degree of humidity. The denser the material and wetter, the more heated the crown. But the crown with the blunt, ground teeth is heated most of all. Never use this! Buy a new one, my advice to you.
Having cleaned the teeth of the crown, and, if necessary, letting it cool, immerse it where it was from, took it some time ago, and continue this important mechanical operation to obtain the hole we need so much. As I already mentioned, the crown, by virtue of its limited depth, will not allow passing through the web. Drilled to half, you should go to the other side and repeat the whole operation again. Here you need to be careful. Approaching the middle of the canvas, do not push hard, let yourself enjoy the last seconds of this exciting process! Otherwise, you risk running through the crown through and hitting the door leaf with a drill. But we do not want to scratch it or leave a dent, right?
Drill a hole for the latch
Go to the next step. We take out the crown from the drill chuck, not forgetting about its increased temperature. We clamp in a cartridge feather drill with a diameter of 23 mm. Pay attention to the photo. It shows that the size of 25 mm is stamped on the drill. But be calm, no cheating! Simply, I did not have a drill of the required diameter, and I used a “perk” of 25 mm., Having previously grinded its edge to the required diameter. Such a little trick, take note.
Drilling must be strictly perpendicular to the end of the door leaf. At first it seemed to me that it was very difficult to control. I mean perpendicularity. But then I realized that it was easy to do, just by watching how smooth the drill chooses the circle. This is especially noticeable at the beginning of drilling, and a little going deep, you can almost not worry that the drill will deviate from the specified course. But this does not mean at all that you can relax and look not at the drill, but at the cat sprinkled with sawdust passing by.
Installing the latch for interior doors
Well, so what! The drilling of the holes is completed, now you need to ditch the latch bar in the end of the door leaf, so that it is “flush” with the plane. Professionals do this with a manual milling machine, but not everyone will have one, so you have to work with a hammer and a chisel.
Insert the latch into the hole and circle it with a sharply sharpened pencil. In order to keep the plank in place during the stroke, I usually immediately drill the holes for the fastening screws and lightly tighten them, fixing the plank. By circling the bar, remove the latch and hold the chisel. Do I have to say that the chisel should be not just sharp, but very sharp ?!
Installing a lock in the interior door will increase the comfort of living. This is very convenient, as it allows you to restrict the access of a small child to those rooms where he can prevent adults or get injured. Therefore, lock plunging is a fairly common work that can be done by almost any homeowner.
In the process of performing the lock plunging, the following tools are required:
- The lock itself, with a set of handles and bolts
- Square and pencil
- Crown drill, 5 cm in diameter
- 23 mm drill bit
- Screwdriver or screwdriver.
The presence of the entire set of tools will allow you to complete all stages of work quickly and accurately. If something is missing, it is better to ask the tool from friends or acquaintances than to try to do without them, since this will lead to poor-quality work and an unsatisfactory appearance.
Usually the handle is located at a height of about a meter from the floor, so it will be convenient for people of any height to use. Therefore, we measure from the bottom edge of the canvas 95 - 100 cm and make a mark. Then at the selected level, with the help of the square we mark the centers of the future holes. On the end plane, the center of the lock will be in the middle, and on the side plane it is necessary to retreat from the edge of 6 to 10 cm. This is the place of the future lock and handle.
Drilling holes for the lock starts from the end. A drill is installed in the drill and a hole of about three centimeters deep is drilled precisely along the marked center. This is the place for the tongue of the castle.
After that, the crown drill is set in diameter of 5 centimeters. With it, drilled holes from the sides. If there is no certainty that it will be possible to drill a hole horizontally, without skewing, then it is necessary to mark and drill on both sides. The depth of drilling is equal to half the thickness of the door. If done correctly, you get a round through hole with a diameter of 5 centimeters, which has a side hole with a diameter of 23 millimeters.
Before installing the lock, it is necessary to cut the notch under the latch. To do this, the lock is inserted into the door and the latch plate is encircled with a pencil. With this contour, using a chisel and a hammer, a notch of about 3 to 5 mm depth is selected, depending on the thickness of the plate. At the same time, a recess for the tongue is cut to the door jamb in accordance with the size of the special lining. It will enter the tongue of the lock and fix the door in the closed state. When both recesses are ready, the screws and the recess on the jamb are fixed to the screws, which are usually included in the kit.
The further process does not cause any difficulties. The first in its place is put a handle with screws. The screws are unscrewed, and the handle is inserted into the lock. To do this, the handle has a special square rod, which passes through the corresponding hole in the lock. After that, the second handle is put on this rod on the other side and fixed with screws. Then put on the trim and the pens themselves. At this installation process is complete.
After that, it remains only to remove garbage and tools.
Even if you are confident in your abilities and are able to drill, it is better to work with a coronary drill from two sides. This will provide a neat cut and there will be no chipping and scuffing on the surface of the door, which will spoil its appearance.
It is better to drill the lock slot in the end of the door after the hole for the handles has been drilled. So you will be sure that the hole is fully connected to the main one. Otherwise, you may need to drill a channel for the lock.
When choosing a recess for the lock plate, work must begin with a contour. The entire contour is outlined with gentle blows, and only after that the wood is selected. This will not allow chipping and cracking.
Do not overtighten the screws on the handles. The fixing should be tight, but not excessive. Otherwise, dents may appear on the surface of the door, spoiling its appearance.
Video How to make a lock on the door
After installation, the question inevitably arises, how to insert a lock into the interior door. The door should close tightly, easily open and securely fixed in the opening. With all these tasks, it is easy to handle a lock or latch with a lock.
If possible, it is better to purchase doors with already installed locks and handles. Otherwise, this question will have to be solved by inviting the master or installing locks with your own hands.
As well as accessories, the lock should be in harmony with the interior, combined with the texture and color scheme of the situation. To a large extent, it depends on the design of linings and pens.
As for functionality, two types of mechanisms are suitable for interior doors:
- Mortise lock with separately installed handle or without it.
- Latch lock. As a rule, it is located in the handle itself and has a rounded shape.
Recently, the installation of a magnetic door lock has become popular. Such a device often eliminates the need to install handles of push-type or swivel type.
Using a magnetic mechanism is simple, and installing a magnetic lock with your own hands does not require the use of special tools. The installation of a magnetic device is resorted to in cases where it is necessary to ensure quiet operation and the complete absence of risk of scratching the tongue or girders.
However, the installation of the lock in the interior door, depending on its type, has its own characteristics.
The thickness of the embedded door device should be no more than a third of the width of the end. It is recommended to work with extremely well-sharpened tools. The lock is not recommended to be mounted at the junction of the door bars.
To properly insert the lock into the door with your own hands, you should prepare the appropriate tool:
- Drill and a set of drills for wood.
- Mill, chisel and carpenter's knife.
- Ruler or tape measure, pencil or chalk.
Door material can be very different. It is easiest to work with all-wood products. The canvas is uniform, the design can not be assembled by oneself and it is impossible to make a mistake with the place of tie-in The tree is harder to drill, but the probability of errors and flaws when working with their own hands is greatly reduced.
Doors from MDF are the most problematic in this matter. This is due to the fact that it is very important to get into the power bar, located by default at a height of one meter from the floor. But to remove the old and put a new lock just.
It is not recommended to install a dead lock in PVC doors with your own hands. Without good skills and professional tool is unlikely to succeed. The fact is that errors are almost impossible to correct.
To do this, use the same tools plus copy paper or clay. With their help, marks the bolt on the jamb in the fully closed position of the door.
For installation by hand there is a special algorithm or technology work. To do everything right, you need to do the work in the following order:
- The first step is dismantling the door. Required to remove the trim. Also have to remove the old lock.
- Then you should remove the interior door from the hinges and put the edge on the floor with hinges down.
- Then you need to remove the dimensions of the height, thickness and width of the lock body.
- From the lower end of the web 100 cm are measured and a mark is applied. The second is planned from her at a distance equal to the height of the castle.
- Next, between the labels are applied two parallel lines in the middle of the end of the canvas, spaced from each other by the thickness of the locking product. As a result, at the end of the door should get a rectangle just under the lock body.
- Now holes are drilled inside our rectangle. The drill should be equal to or slightly smaller in diameter than the thickness of the lock body. The first hole is made in the center, and then above and below. The depth of the hole should correspond to the width of the lock, but first holes are made with a depth of one cm, and then deepen to the desired size.
- Then comes the chisel. With its help the correct cut is formed under the lock. In the same way, a separate cutout is made under the handle.
- Now cut is made under the handle and lock from the side of the canvas. The body of the lock is applied to the canvas and the point of position of the axis of the mechanism is marked. In this place, a cut is made under the cylinder or keyhole.
- When all the cutouts are ready, the process of direct assembly begins. The lock is inserted inside and after checking the functionality is fastened with screws to the door. The lining on the end is screwed with screws, also included in the kit.
- Handles are inserted, and the lining is screwed.
- The door rises and hangs again on the hinges.
- Then markup is made for response to the joint. The door is covered and the position of the tongue is marked. An overlay is applied and its extreme positions are marked.
- Cuts are made in the same way, after which the lining is screwed with screws.
Installing the latch
First, mark the place of tie-in. This is done using the paper template supplied in the kit. As a rule, the latch is placed at the intersection of the following lines:
- Horizontal floor, held at a height of one meter.
- Vertical, held in 6-7 cm from the edge of the canvas. This size depends on the depth of the flap latch.
On the video you can see the installation:
Then the handle mechanism is inserted and the sample size under the lock bar is marked with a pencil. Sampling can be done with a chisel. Mounted handle screws.
After this, parts of the knob are screwed together and a decorative ring is mounted. Then the door closes, and the position of the striker is marked on the door frame. On the box is a sample under the tongue. Under the threshold of the porch is a sample of 2 mm. Everything is fixed with screws.
As you can see, there is nothing supernatural. It is quite possible to put the lock with your own hands, if everything is done slowly and carefully. After installation, it makes sense to check the strength of the fasteners fastening, fixing lining, handle and lock body. If all is well, the castle will serve for a long time.What tools are needed?
How to get started?
What tools are needed?
How to get started?
How to cut a hole in the end?
Where to start?
But we do not want to scratch it or leave a dent, right?
Do I have to say that the chisel should be not just sharp, but very sharp ?